Climo, M.; Carey, B.S. 2011 Low temperature geothermal energy roadmap : fostering increased use of New Zealand's abundant geothermal resources. Lower Hutt, N.Z.: GNS Science. GNS Science report 2011/52 11 p.
Abstract: To support the long-term wide spread development of low temperature geothermal resources in New Zealand, a list of needs has been identified to guide future initiatives and research. Needs have been complied using the following subgroups: Policy & Planning; Resource Characterisation; Technology; Communication. Recommended actions/initiatives have been detailed to increase the utilisation of low temperature geothermal energy resources in New Zealand. An integrated approach is required, that combines technology, policy and market development, with raising awareness. The recommended actions/initiatives have been arranged into six working groups to guide interested parties and individuals. Critical steps include: Setting up working groups, comprising relevant and enthusiastic agencies and organisations, to take ownership of the initiatives and forward work programmes (see Section 3.2); Increasing awareness of low temperature geothermal resources, applications and technologies; Developing and disseminating a body of educational, marketing and technical collateral to raise awareness and to support informed decision making; Incentivising and showcasing the early adoption of low temperature geothermal applications and technologies; Developing the New Zealand market potential for direct geothermal use and geothermal heat pumps through a coordinated and united approach to entering new market segments (new uses), converting non-users to users, and increasing annual usage; Harmonising the planning regime across New Zealand, with a focus on reducing regulatory barriers to the use of low temperature geothermal applications and technologies; Focusing resource characterisation studies and demonstration sites in high demand areas, such as population centres, as well as in communities and/or near industries which are collocated with suitable low temperature geothermal resources. (auth)